Everything You Need to Know About the Pygmy Goat

Posted by Tori Holmes
Brucklay Pygmy Goats

This is basically all you need to know about the Pygmy goat. 

Originating from the Cameroon Valley of West Africa, the Pygmy goat is a popular breed of miniature domestic goat. Pygmy goats were brought to the United States from European zoos in the 1950s, and were subsequently used in zoos and for animal research. Eventually, the Pygmy goat was acquired by private breeders and began to be sold as companion animals.

Despite their size, Pygmy goats are quite hardy and can adapt to any climate. In addition to their tough constitution, Pygmy goats have an aloof but friendly personality. Does have overall friendly temperaments, but bucks are known to be a bit stubborn and independent, although good-natured nonetheless. This combination of hardiness and positive disposition are two characteristics that make Pygmy goats great pets and show animals.

While Pygmy goats are most commonly kept as pets, they can also be used for milk production. Pygmy goats can produce, on average, between one to two quarts of 4.5% to 11% butterfat milk. Their milking period, however, is shorter than other dairy goats, producing milk for only 120 to 180 days out of the year.

If you're looking to purchase a Pygmy goat, the National Pygmy Goat Association has a list of registered breeders on their site. The price of Pygmy goats can vary greatly, depending on their ability to breed and whether or not they have been registered. While a pet quality Pygmy goat can cost anywhere between $40 and $70, a registered and intact Pygmy can go for as much as $350 or more.

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Pygmy goats are one of the smallest breeds of goats. Does (females) weigh 53 to 75 pounds and stand between 16 and 223/8 inches at the withers, whereas bucks (males) weigh 60 to 86 pounds and stand between 16 and 235/8 inches at the withers.


 The coat of the Pygmy goat should be straight with medium-length hair that changes in density with the seasons.

The color and markings can vary drastically, but can generally be divided into three categories: Black, Agouti, and Caramel. Within each of these three categories it is acceptable for the coat can have markings of different colors.



On does beards may non-existent or sparse, and on bucks they may be full and long.


The head of the Pygmy goat is slightly concave with a rounded muzzle. The eyes are bright brown and prominent, but not protruding. Pygmy goats should not have blue eyes, as this characteristic suggests genes from a different breed. The ears should be medium length, firm, and erect. Pygmy goats are genetically horned, but dehorning is permitted.


Pygmy goats, overall, have aloof but friendly personalities. While does have gentle dispositions overall, bucks are known to have stubborn and independent streaks.

This post was originally published on August 19, 2017.

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Everything You Need to Know About the Pygmy Goat