Everything You Need to Know About the Dominique Chicken

Posted by Paige Cerulli

The Dominique chicken is visually stunning and is America's first chicken breed.

The Dominique chicken is a popular breed which is used for both meat and eggs. Because of the breed's docile nature, it is often kept as a pet or as a show bird.

Dominique chickens feature a distinctive appearance, making them popular in the United States. This breed was so rare that it was thought to be extinct in the 1950s, but its numbers have since increased and the breed has been revived in the United States.

The Dominique is known as America's first chicken breed, though its exact origins are unknown. The breed was possibly created by the crossing of chickens that had been imported from France.

The Dominique was popular on the eastern coast of the United States, and by the 1820s the Dominique was being raised on many American farms. However, the breed's popularity began to decline in the early 1900s. Thanks to the work of breed enthusiasts, the Dominique's numbers increased in the late 1900s and early 2000s.

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General Appearance

Dominiques are fairly small chickens, weighing between five and seven pounds on average. They have a rose comb and arched necks. Their tail feathers are held high.


Dominique chickens feature a black and white barred pattern. This pattern is thought to partially camouflage them from predatory birds flying overhead.

Egg Laying

Dominiques are regarded as being good egg layers, though they lay small to medium sized eggs.



Dominique chickens have a calm, steady demeanor. However, Dominique roosters can be highly aggressive. Many Dominiques make good pets and show chickens.

Do you know any Dominique chickens? Tell us in the comments below!

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Everything You Need to Know About the Dominique Chicken