Does your dog need the Bordetella to go to doggy daycare?
Most daycares, groomers, boarding facilities, and veterinarians will either recommend or demand that your dog have the Bordetella vaccine before entering their care. There's a lot more to think about: what kennel cough is, the effectiveness of the vaccination, and safe options for treating or preventing kennel cough in puppies.
What Is Kennel Cough?
Kennel cough is a common infectious respiratory disease that many pet owners find out about after bringing pets home from an extended stay at a boarding facility or adoption site. Several viruses and bacteria (such as canine influenza and canine parainfluenza virus) can cause kennel cough, and they frequently do so simultaneously. While kennel cough is not deadly, tracheobronchitis is extremely painful for dogs and dog owners, who must endure the loud, persistent, honking cough and nasal discharge that comes with it.
Symptoms of Kennel Cough:
- Dry and hacking cough
- Snorting and/or sneezing
- Gagging or vomiting as a result of the gag reflex
- Runny nose
Kennel cough is a respiratory disease that affects the upper respiratory system of dogs, causing inflammation of the trachea and bronchi. It is very infectious and travels from dog to dog, much like a cold in people. It just takes one sick dog to sneeze, bark, or cough for millions of infectious kennel "bugs" to saturate the surrounding air and environment.
The technical and more appropriate name for kennel cough is tracheobronchitis. It defines the infection's position in the windpipe, also known as the trachea and bronchial tubes. Because the virus spreads when dogs touch one another, it is frequently found shortly after dogs have been in kennels.
The following are the most prevalent locations where your dog may get this upper respiratory infection:
- Boarding services
- Doggie daycare and training facilities
- Dog parks
What Is the Bordetella Vaccine for Dogs?
Bordetella bronchiseptica, or Bordetella, is a bacterium that is often linked with canine respiratory illness. It is the cause of kennel cough, also known as infected tracheobronchitis. This vaccine is sometimes called the kennel cough vaccine.
The Bordetella vaccination for dogs is readily accessible and protects against a particular bacteria, keeping your dog protected from kennel cough. Many veterinarians favor intra-nasal immunization, and veterinary medicine even has an oral vaccine that you can add to your dog's vaccine schedule to avoid injection site issues. However, there are some cases where an injectable vaccine is preferable. Except for sick dogs, most dogs are safe candidates for the Bordetella vaccine. Check with your veterinarian if your dog goes to kennels, groomers, dog parks, dog sporting activities, or training classes.
Bordetella vaccine is administered either by injection or intra-nasally. The intranasal vaccine delivered as nasal drops is referred to as intra-nasal. This enables the development of local immunity on the mucous membranes of the nose, throat, and windpipe, where infectious pathogens initially assault. The injectable form of this kennel cough vaccination is administered beneath the skin in the subcutaneous tissue rather than the muscle.
Vaccination is the most effective approach to prevent your dog from diseases caused by canine infectious tracheobronchitis. While some doctors suggest the Bordetella vaccination exclusively for dogs who spend time in high-risk situations, many others advocate it for all dogs, regardless of risk. This is due to the ease with which Bordetella is transmitted and the vaccine's tolerability in most dogs.
How Often Should Dogs Get Vaccinated?
Between the ages of six and eight weeks, puppies should get the injectable form of the Bordetella vaccine. Then, four weeks later, or between the ages of 10 and 12 weeks of age, they should take a second injectable booster. If you acquired a puppy that has not yet had these shots, or if you are unsure, they will only require a single dose injectable form of the vaccination after the age of 16 weeks if the earlier doses were not given. This is due to the fact that their immune system is considerably stronger and healthier at this age.
Adult dogs should receive a booster dose of the Bordetella vaccination every six to twelve months, depending on the dog's risk factors. If you board your dog, send it to doggie daycare, or enroll it in training programs, the facility will most likely need your dog to obtain the booster every six months. This keeps your dog healthy while also preventing other animals in the facility from getting the diseases.
Did your dog have any side effects or a vaccine reaction from the Bordetella vaccine? Share with us on the Wide Open Pets Facebook page!