Curious about the Nubian goat? Here’s all you need to know.
The Nubian goat, known as the Anglo-Nubian outside of North America, was developed in Great Britain in the 19th century but has origins that extend to the Middle East and North Africa. Brought to the United States by European settlers from England, the Nubian goat was originally used as a source of milk and meat.
Today, the use of Nubian goats has moved away from meat production, as the breed has become a popular dairy goat. While Nubian goats produce a smaller quantity of milk than other dairy breeds, the milk they do produce is very flavorful and has the highest butterfat content. The combination of flavor and high butterfat content are two qualities make it perfect for cheese production.
Due to the Nubian goat’s Middle Eastern roots, the breed is exceptionally adaptable to extreme heat and has a prolonged breeding season. This extended breeding season means that they can produce milk nearly year round, another reason for their popularity as dairy goats.
The Nubian goat is known for their social, outgoing, and vocal personality. They love being around humans and are known to call for their owner. To show their affection for their humans, Nubian goats display neck and side stroking behaviors.
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Nubians are one of the heaviest and tallest breeds of goat. Does (females) weigh approximately 135 pounds and are 30 inches (76 cm) at the withers, whereas bucks (males) weigh approximately 175 pounds and are 35 inches (89 cm) at the withers.
The coat of the Nubian goat is short and fine. Any solid or multi-colored coat is accepted by breed standards, but white, black, red, and tan are most common. These colors are often seen in combination with white.
The Nubian goat’s head is strongly convex and they have a distinctively round (Roman) nose. The ears are long and floppy, extending at least one inch beyond the muzzle when held flat. Nubian ears also flare slightly outwards and are rounded at the bottom, giving it a unique bell shape.
Nubian goats are known for their social and outgoing personality. They love humans and are very vocal, known to call out for their owners.
Body image courtesy of Ashby Farms
Do you know any Nubians? Tell us in the comments below.
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